- Legal Articles
- Ask Elhais
April 06, 2016|
Under normal circumstances it is presumed that Arbitration procedures have been complied with by all concerned parties. The burden of proof to prove the contrary shall fall on the party claiming so. Adjudication on this issue shall be solely based the contents of the arbitration award and its details.
The claimant filed a civil case in court requesting to appoint an arbitrator to settle a dispute with the respondent in accordance with provisions of the share transfer contract they had entered into. The said contract provided that disputes arising from it shall be settled through arbitration proceedings, with the arbitrators being appointed by the court.
Accordingly the court appointed the arbitrator who issued an award on conclusion of arbitration. Claimant then proceeded to request the court to ratify the award. Respondent on the other hand requested the court to nullify the award. The Court of First Instance accepted the claimants request and passed an order ratifying the award.
The judgment of the Court of First Instance was appealed by the respondent in the Court of Appeal. However the Court of Appeal upheld the lower court's judgment and rejected the respondent's request. The appeal was then brought the Court of Cassation by the respondent.
Grounds of Appeal
It was submitted by the appellant that the Arbitrator in the arbitration proceedings did not conduct the proceedings personally. It was alleged by the appellant that the Arbitrator's role was only to sign the minutes of the hearing and the procedures. Further it was submitted that all processes and procedures involved in arbitration was in fact conducted by the assistant to the court appointed arbitrator, thereby making such procedures null and void.
Furthermore the appellant alleged that even the signature contained on the award was done by the abovementioned assistance. Accordingly the appellant argued that the Court of Appeal had erred in its judgment by not accepting the request for a forensic examination of the signatures on the award or to have the Arbitrator's statement taken on oath. The appellant further argued that requests to produce witnesses to show that the arbitration procedures were done by the arbitrator's assistant were also refused by the Court of Appeal. The appellant stressed on the above grounds to establish that the arbitrator was not competent to issue the award was issued.
The Court of Cassation held that the arbitrator is not obliged to follow normal procedures of the court as per article 212 of the Civil Procedures Law. The arbitrator is only bound to follow procedures contained in the arbitration section in the law and other agreed arbitration procedures between parties. The arbitrator shall give both parties equal chance to present their cases to prove their respective claims. However, the court observed that the law does not prohibit the Arbitrator from using the assistance of an assistant in writing on their behalf.
Nullification of an arbitration award will be exclusively subject to satisfactory occurrence of conditions mentioned under Article 216 of the Civil Procedures Law of the UAE; whether it is relevant to arbitration agreement or the arbitration procedures; whether the final award was issued by a competent arbitrator or a tribunal in absence of others; whether the final award was issued on the basis of expired terms of reference; or if the arbitration agreement was executed by a party not having the legal capacity to do so; whether both parties were given equal chance to present their cases; or if there was annulment of award/procedures affecting the award.
The court held that it is well established that any challenge shall be based on one of the above conditions. If none of these conditions apply final award shall be considered as final. The court alone shall have discretionary powers to rule if these conditions apply or not.
It is well established that arbitration procedures would be presumed to have been conducted correctly. Adjudication on any contrary claim shall be based on what has been stated in the arbitration award. In this case, the court held that it was clear from the minutes that the arbitrator had attended the hearing as the petitioner had not objected the minutes and had signed it. The court accordingly ruled that the requests to have the arbitrator's signature checked forensically or getting statement under oath did not merit legal recognition.
Surprise in this case
It was observed by the Court of Cassation that claimant and the lower court had erred procedurally with regard to the ratification of the arbitration award. When the arbitrator submitted its award the claimant proceeded to request the same court which appointed the arbitrator to ratify the award without filing a separate case. The Court of Cassation held that this was a procedural mistake and thereby ruled that ratification order shall stand voided. However the court clarified that the arbitration award is valid and may be ratified by the claimant by filing a separate case for this purpose.
Copyright © of this article is retained by the author and/or other copyright owners. We explicitly grant you permission to download a copy, without any alteration, of this article for personal non-commercial research or study, without prior permission or any charge. This article can be utilized on your website or for marketing, however, we grant you permission to host this article on your website and no other rights. This content should not be altered in any way or sold commercially in any format without prior permission of the copyright holder. During reference of this article, full biographic details entailing the name of the author, his designation, the institute and the publishing date of the article shall be provided.
Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *
I owe the success of my case to Dr. Hassan's diligent approach. He remained focused, put me at ease and always went the extra mile. Dr. Hassan tirelessly put my case in the best possible light and I cannot thank him enough. I would highly recommend Dr. Hassan - I am grateful to him from the bottom of my heart.
Dr. Hassan Elhais is among the best legal consultants I have ever worked with. He has an amazing ability to reduce complex issues into a simple concept that non-legal people can understand. He consistently develops innovative litigation strategies that help us to achieve our ultimate legal goals.
...the extraordinary effort that has been exerted by the staff, and we specially thank Dr. Hassan Mohsen Alhais. Wishing your continues success & excellence...
I believe everyone should recognize what a difference Dr. Hassan Elhais work has made to people's lives; and especially to our family's life, because we will remain forever grateful to each and every one of his team.
Dr. Hassan Elhais never fears cases that involve exposure and he always gives me his honest assessment of our chances of success, which is invaluable to me.
He aided us not only in providing legal advice but also in all legal issues that required a long term strategic approach to achieve most favorable and optimum outcomes he provided us with high level of professional service.
Dr. Hassan Elhais is a responsible, reputable counsel who operates to high levels of service.
Dr Hassan Elhais is responsive, thorough and creative with his advice, and is a valued advisor and legal consultant.
Regardless of the complexity of the matter I know Dr. Hassan Elhais will consider not only legal strategy but also business practicalities in providing advice and litigation options.
I recommend Dr. Hassan Elhais to anyone who says 'I'm in legal trouble'. I was extremely satisfied with the high standard of his work. He has always been there when I have needed him and I refer all my clients, family and friends to him/his firm.
Dr. Hassan Elhais was very professional and he listened to my needs. He was very prompt, efficient and always kept me informed. Dr. Hassan Elhais's service was excellent and I would definitely recommend him to friends and colleagues.