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January 16, 2017|
I selected the Bail procedure as the topic of my current article as it is usually among the chief concerns of all our clients. They want their lawyer to get their family members or friends released on bail as soon as possible.
Through this article, I will further clarify the arrest warrant procedures and pretrial imprisonment order procedures. I will also simplify the matter of provisional release until the investigation is completed, which is commonly known as Bail.
Generally, the law gives the Public Prosecution the right to provisionally release the accused for any crime committed or for any accusation they are charged with unless the probable verdict is a death sentence or life imprisonment.
Such bail decisions could be issued based on a request from the accused or his attorney. Prior to the transfer of the case to the court, the Public Prosecution in all stages of the investigation has the right to make such decisions. This is following Article 111 of the UAE Criminal Procedures Law.
Common practice shows that releasing the accused temporarily while the criminal investigation is still ongoing would require him or her to provide a suitable assurance that he or she will make an appearance any time the investigation entails his attendance. The accused has to provide a guarantee that he or she will do all that is necessary following the applicable laws. These fall under the conditional bail provisions.
However, the law does not strictly mention how this guarantee should be provided. More often than not, the common practice is retaining the passport of the accused as a guarantee that he or she will make a reappearance without fail. If the passport of the accused is unavailable, then the passport of either family or friends of the accused may be withheld. This guarantee could also be assured by holding a fixed deposit with the court cashier. Furthermore, it could also involve taking a guarantee from a solvent person in the form of an undertaking that this amount is guaranteed to be paid, in the event the accused breaches the release conditions.
If the accused violates his release conditions without a valid excuse or justification, the financial guarantee will be owned by the government without any need for final judgment, as per Article 114 of the same law.
If the case is closed or dismissed, whether during the investigation process or after the transfer of the case to the criminal court, in accordance with Article 114 of the Criminal Procedures Law, the amount that was deposited as a financial guarantee shall be returned in full and the guarantor would be released from any undertaking he had signed.
One of the most common questions and anxiety that most of our clients have is whether the bail can be revoked after it has been approved or executed.
The answer to that is, although it is unlikely to happen, bail could be cancelled, under Article 115 of the Criminal Procedures Law, in one of the following scenarios:
If the accused breached the commitments made under the applicable laws, for example, if he did not attend the investigation although it had been requested by the Public Prosecution.
New circumstances arose in the case that requires taking such measures.
These are one of the chief reasons for instructing lawyers for representation in criminal cases. Also, in criminal matters, it is very important to have representation from the very beginning to the end. The lawyer would always try not just for bail but also to liaise between the client and the Public Prosecution to ensure that the client is following the applicable laws and unintentionally does not breach any of the bail conditions.One more question that our clients commonly refer to us is whether the victim in criminal cases can request detention of another or participate in the discussions about conditional bail.
The answer to that is, no that is not possible. This is because Article 117 of the same law clearly states that the victim does not have the right to request imprisonment of the accused and cannot participate in the discussion in these regards.
Disclaimer: This article comprises broad and general information about legal matters. The material is general advice and not legal advice, and should not be treated as such. The legal information in this article is extracted from the UAE Criminal Procedures Law Federal Law No. (35) Of the Year 1992 and based on our experiences as a law firm. The information provided is only guidelines. You should certainly not postpone pursuing legal advice, ignore legal advice, or begin or suspend any legal action because of the information provided in this article. You must not rely on the information in this article as a substitute for legal counsel from your attorney or any other practising professional legal services provider. This information is drafted by a licensed legal practitioner and sent from Al Rowaad Advocates & Legal Consultants which is a law firm duly licensed to practice law under UAE Law.
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