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November 04, 2012
Family article on husband-and-wife rights under Shariah Law. There are specific rights designated to Husband and Wife under Shariah Law. Overall, the rights cover the following categories: a) Exchange of rights between husband and wife; b) Husband’s rights to wife; and c) Wife's rights to husband.
In the first category, defined as the exchange of rights between husband and wife, Shariah law dictates that there should be respect, kindness and consideration towards the family and for them to work together in the best interest of the family. The Exchange of rights between husband and wife enforces the need to take care of children by educating them and giving them a fair chance to grow in a healthy environment.
In the second category, defined as the husband’s rights to the wife, the husband is required to allow the wife to continue with her education and he should not prohibit her from visiting her family. He has no right to touch or interfere with her personal financial assets. He must not harm her physically or morally. This second category of Husband’s rights to Wife also applies when he is married to more than one wife, and he should treat each wife fairly.
The third category defined as the wife’s rights to her husband are defined through Shariah law and put an obligation upon women to obey the husband and take care of the matrimonial home. Additionally, she should take care of the children.
The rights defined above are only some of the rights and obligations as defined under Shariah Law. The relevant law, based upon Shariah Law, is Law No. 28 of 2005 which is the Personal Status Law (PSL). The above is sourced from Articles 54-56.
The above information might not apply if both parties are non-muslim. Starting from the 1st of February 2023, UAE issued specific family law to be applied between non-muslim expatriate residents in case none of them wanted to apply his/her home country's law in the UAE. To know more information about this law, please feel free to click this link.