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July 13, 2014
International Criminal Police Organisation, also known as Interpol is an inter-governmental organisation which helps police in its member countries to work together to fight a range of crimes.
In each country, an Interpol National Central Bureau is established which provides the central point of contact for the head office.
The Interpol Notice is an international request by the judicial system of a country for the cooperation or sharing of serious crime-related information with other member countries. Without the Interpol notice, it would not be possible to follow the criminals in the country. There are seven different types of Interpol Notices which are used to share information between its members:
The red notice allows the member country to seek the location of the suspect, pursue him and temporarily arrest him, who is wanted by a country to extradite him. The legal basis for a red notice is a warrant of arrest or a court order issued by the judicial authorities in a country.
The blue notice is used when the country is looking for a suspect, and they do not know where they are. A blue notice is sent through Interpol, and can also be used to identify or obtain information on a person of interest in a criminal investigation.
The green notice is issued to warn about a person’s criminal activities if such a person is treated as a possible threat to public safety.
When a country wants to warn about a suspect, event, object or process that will be an imminent threat to public safety or property, they share the information regarding this using the orange notice. For example, where an expected act of terrorism is likely to occur in a country, the other member state of Interpol can forewarn that the event is likely to occur.
The yellow notice is used as a means to help locate missing persons, often minors, or to help identify persons who are unable to identify themselves.
This notice is issued to seek information on unidentified bodies, for example, bodies that are found in the country but who are not citizens in the country.