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February 02, 2022
In simple terms, a non-disclosure agreement (commonly referred to as an ‘NDA’) constitutes a written agreement between two parties or entities, wherein one party prohibits the other from sharing any confidential information exchanged between them, or such prohibition can be mutually applicable to both the parties.
NDA’s are commonly used in various forms in standard business practices and can prove to be quite effective in the following instances:
Consequences for Breach
The possible consequences for breach of an NDA depend on the terms of the NDA agreement itself. For instances, the NDA may estimate pre-liquidated damages, i.e. the parties to the agreement have included within the agreement the estimated financial damages that are to be paid in case any party breaches the terms of the NDA. In other instances, it could be a case of un-liquidated damages, wherein it would be subject to the Court’s discretion to award the estimated damages in accordance with the extend of damages suffered by the non-breaching.
NDA’s are very commonly used in the UAE, especially in the form of a ‘mutual NDA’ exchanged between parties who are engaged in joint ventures, which involve sharing of proprietary information. Similarly, NDA’s are also routinely used in employment contracts, especially in the technical industries for highly skilled employees. Breach of an NDA whether intentionally or otherwise, can often lead to costly litigation and unfavorable outcomes. Therefore, entities employ proper mechanisms and cross-checks to ensure complete compliance with the terms.